Foot deformities are common among diabetic patients suffering from chronic complications of the disease such as neuropathy (decreased neural sensation). The atrophy of muscles in the foot (due to neuropathy and poor circulation) makes it difficult for these muscles to hold the toes in their proper position. Unable to feel unhealthy friction or rubbing on their feet, diabetics are more likely to suffer from blisters, corns, calluses, bunions and hammertoe. When a person with hammertoe wear shoes, the toe is continually rubbed and walking may become particularly painful if a corn on top of a toe or a callus on the sole of the foot develops. Symptoms of hammertoe include; Dr. Lashley is a podiatrist practicing in midtown Manhattan for the past 27 years. He specializes in the conservative and surgical management of the foot. In October 2009, Dr Lashley moved his office to a new modern facility at 353 Lexington Avenue, in NYC. For more information on Dr. Lashley visit his web site. In some instances, a congenital outward bowing of the 5th metatarsal bone (the 5th long bone in the foot between the rearfoot and forefoot) is the root cause. In patients with this congenital bone abnormality, tailors bunions may present sooner in life, rather than in a patients 40’s or 50’s as the typical tailors bunion does. Surgery should be reserved as a last option for the feet. Opperating on your feet is like taking parts off a car. It'll never function the way it's designed to. It can even stop you dead in your tracks. I've seen alot of foot damage CAUSED from foot and ankle surgeries. As always, it is important to have your individual feet evaluated for solutions specific to your body type. What works for one person may not work for another. There are very few solutions for bunion deformities, though. If left untreated, they can get pretty big and ugly and interfer significantly with your gait. Compensation problems can result. Most home remedies for treating calluses utilize a warm water bath to do the softening. One of the simplest-and least expensive-home remedies is a warm water soak with mild soap. Additional water bath variations involve adding other liquid ingredients to the warm soak water, including Epsom salts or vinegar. According to Bill Gottlieb, a nationally acclaimed natural health expert and author of "Alternative Cures," these remedies serve to soften and regenerate the irritated skin. Procedure Be aware of your body and know when something is too much. You don't want to end up with any of the injuries above! A common conservative treatment for mild to moderate bunions (Hallux valgus) and bunion pain is to wear a bunion splint. The basic design of a bunion splint includes a "holder" for the big toe, extended in a longitudinal direction and connected to another "binding" around the mid-foot, resulting in a corrective force on the big toe. To successfully realign a bunion, make sure the bunion splint supports the foot, straightens the big toe and protects the irritated tissue. Pain and a toe that looks odd are symptoms of hammer, claw, and mallet toes. The toe may rub against your footwear, and you may have trouble finding shoes that fit.